Gum disease can upset one's oral health to a massive extent. They affect the aesthetics of the patient's smile by causing decay to the gum tissues. Also, the infection can spread from the gums to the nearby teeth and other tissues as well. If not treated at the earlier stages, getting gum disease under control can become too difficult and even cost you a tooth or two.
What causes gum disease
- The main cause of gum disease is the accumulated plaque and tartar on the surface of the teeth. They release toxic and harmful acids that end up decaying the soft gum tissues. Over time, the infection increases in severity.
- Improper or irregular brushing of teeth can lead to the excessive growth of microbes in the mouth. They can gradually cause gum disease over time.
- External trauma to the mouth can cause cuts or bruises that expose the inner tissues to the microbes in the mouth. This can cause an infection of the gums.
- Root canal infection is caused when the pulp of a tooth contracts an infection. If it isn't treated at the right time, the infection can spread to the gums as well.
- Bleeding and release of pus from the gums.
- Decay of tissues
- Persistent bad breath
- Jawbone deterioration
- Loosening of the teeth from the sockets
- Severe pain white biting and chewing food
How can gum disease be treated?
Dentists always recommend their patients to get gum disease such as gingivitis and periodontitis treated at the earliest to avoid complications in the future. However, once you contract periodontitis, the disease can only be treated and controlled, but not healed completely. There are a few treatment methods by which you can get the damage caused by gum disease reversed.
Laser therapy is often used by dentists to remove the decayed tissues from the mouth. We use a laser that is medically safe and produces the best results. The laser vaporizes the infected tissues and instantly seals the wound. This way, bleeding is completely avoided, and so is the use of sutures.
In the case of gum receding, the dentist would recommend a gum graft. In this treatment method, healthy tissues are taken from the palate and grafted to the receded area. Over time, the newly grafted gum tissues grow with the existing ones and attain the ideal shape.
Call us at (813) 661-1600 or schedule an online appointment with Dr. Elizabeth Perez and we’ll be able to guide you further.